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Bohara S, Joshi R, Poudel B. Population status, distribution and threats of the critically endangered Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) in Narayani River of Chitwan National Park, Nepal. JAD. 2022; 4 (1) :1-17
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-223-en.html
1- Siddhant Campus, Affiliated to Agriculture and Forestry University, Gaindakot-33000, Nawalparasi, Nepal
2- Faculty of Forestry, Agriculture and Forestry University, Hetauda 44107, Nepal; Amity Global Education (Lord Buddha College), CTEVT, Tokha 11, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
3- Department of Forestry, Amity Global Education (Lord Buddha College), CTEVT, Tokha 11, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
Abstract:   (1593 Views)
The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial or fish-eating crocodile, is a member of the family Gavialidae, is the most threatened of the two species of crocodilians found in Nepal. However, sufficient information on its habitat characteristics influencing population status, distribution, and threats to its existence are lacking. We studied the gharial population in the Narayani River that was carried out in the winter season during December 2019 to April of 2020. During our surveys, a total of 117 gharials were recorded, including an adult male, 56 adult females, 19 sub-adults, 32 immature and nine were unidentified. The gharial census recorded 57 gharials in Sikrauli-Amaltari (Chitwan branch) river section followed by 14 in Sikrauli-Amaltari (Nawalparasi branch), 16 in Amaltari-Baguwan and 30 in the Baguwan-Tribeni River sections. Of 117 individuals, the number of gharials sighted under the direct observation category was 112. The majority of respondents (129 of 140) during our questionnaire, considered gharial as an important species and displayed a favorable attitude towards gharial conservation. This study concludes that the population of gharial in the Narayani River has increased, as the present population is larger than recorded during previous surveys. Finally, regular surveys and monitoring of gharial in the area are recommended to investigate the status of gharial, the prevalence of any threats and disturbance along the habitat of this important species.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Ecological Diversity
Received: 2021/10/14 | Accepted: 2022/03/3 | Published: 2022/03/31

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