Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   JAD 2020, 2(2): 8-15 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Gippoliti S, Lai M, Milana G. A roadmap to an evolutionarily significant conservation strategy for Cervus corsicanus. JAD 2020; 2 (2) :8-15
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html
1- Società Italiana per la Storia della Fauna “Giuseppe Altobello” Contrada Selva dell’Aquila, 1 – 86011 Baranello CB, Italy
2- Società Italiana per la Storia della Fauna “Giuseppe Altobello” Contrada Selva dell’Aquila, 1 – 86011 Baranello CB, Italy , giuliano.milana@wild-life.it
Abstract:   (10641 Views)
Recent conservation history of Cervus corsicanus Erxleben, 1777 is reviewed and future prospects discussed in the framework of increasing knowledge of its evolutionary history. This unique deer is definitively not native to Sardinia and Corsica but owes its survival to a protohistoric assisted colonization by humans. Accordingly, populations in Sardinia (and Corsica) should be managed to maintain maximum genetic diversity while minimizing ecological and economic damages in an unbalanced island ecosystem that must be perceived as “ex situ” from the evolutionary history of the deer. It is increasingly important that steps are taken to reintroduce Cervus corsicanus back to the Italian Peninsula.
Full-Text [PDF 1652 kb]   (3676 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Species Diversity
Received: 2020/05/18 | Accepted: 2020/06/22 | Published: 2020/07/5

1. Alcover, J. A., Seguí, B. and Bover, P. (1999). Extinctions and local disappearances of vertebrates in the western Mediterranean Islands, In: MacPhee, R. D. E. (Ed.), Extinctions in Near Time. Advances in Vertebrate Paleobiology, Volume 2. Springer, Boston, MA. pp 165–188. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-5202-1_8 [DOI]
2. Beccu, E. (1989). Il cervo sardo. Carlo Delfino editore, Sassari, Italy. 168 pp.
3. Caboni, A., Murgia, A., Mondoloni, S. and Riga, F. (2016). The project LIFE+ “One deer two islands”: preliminary results of the reintroductions of Cervus elaphus corsicanus. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, 27 (Supplement) - X Congresso Italiano di Teriologia.
4. Carenti, G. (2012). Lo sfruttamento del cervo sardo nel Sulcis. Controllo del territorio ed espressione di potere. L’Africa Romana, 3: 2945–2952. [In Italian]
5. Caughley, G. and Sinclair, A. R. E. (1994). Wildlife Ecology and Management. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Boston, USA. 334 pp.
6. Cetti, F. (1774). I quadrupedi di Sardegna. G. Piatolli, Sassari, Italy. 226 pp. [In Italian]
7. Clavero, M., Nores, C., Kubersky-Piredda, S. and Centeno-Cuadros, A. (2016). Interdisciplinarity to reconstruct historical introductions: solving the status of cryptogenic crayfish. Biological Reviews, 91 (4): 1036–1049. https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12205 [DOI]
8. Comba, B. (1872). Sur deux nouvelle acclimatations faites dans le parc Royal de La Mandria, près Turin. Bulletin Societé Acclimatation, 9: 486–507.
9. Crowther, M. S., Fillios, M., Colman, N. and Letnic, M. (2014). An updated description of the Australian dingo (Canis dingo Meyer, 1793). Journal of Zoology, 293 (3): 192–203. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12134 [DOI]
10. D’Antoni, S., Duprè, E., La Posta, S. and Verucci, P. (2003). Fauna italiana inclusa nella direttiva Habitat. Ministero dell’Ambiente e per la Tutela del Territorio – D.P.N., Rome, Italy.
11. Darwin, C. (1859). On the origin of species. John Murray, London, UK.
12. Della Libera, M., Passilongo, D. and Reby, D. (2015). Acoustics of male rutting roars in the endangered population of Mesola red deer Cervus elaphus italicus. Mammalian Biology, 80 (5): 395–400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mambio.2015.05.001 [DOI]
13. Di Stefano, G., Pandolfi, L., Petronio, C. and Salari, L. (2015). The morphometry and the occurrence of Cervus elaphus (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Late Pleistocene of the Italian Peninsula. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 121 (1): 103–120.
14. Doan, K., Zachos, F. E., Wilkens, B., Vigne, J.-D., Piotrowska, N., Stankovíc, A., Jędrzejewska, B., Stefaniak, K. and Niedziałkowska, M. (2017). Phylogeography of the Tyrrhenian red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus) resolved using ancient DNA of radiocarbon-dated subfossils. Scientific Reports, 7: 2331. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02359-y [DOI]
15. Dolan, J. M. (1988). A deer of many lands: a guide to the subspecies of the red deer Cervus elaphus L. Zoonooz, 62 (10): 4–34.
16. Fitzinger, L. J. (1874). Kritische Untersuchungen über die Arten der natürlichen Familie der Hirsche (Cervi). Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 69: 575–577. [In German]
17. Fois, M., Bacchetta, G., Cogoni, D. and Fenu, G. (2018). Current and future effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network for protecting plant species in Sardinia: a nice and complex strategy in its raw state?, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61 (2): 332–347. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2017.1306496 [DOI]
18. Frey, R., Volodin, I., Volodina, E., Carranza, J. and Torres-Porras, J. (2012). Vocal anatomy, tongue protrusion behaviour and the acoustics of rutting roars in free-ranging Iberian red deer stags (Cervus elaphus hispanicus). Journal of Anatomy, 220 (3): 271–292. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7580.2011.01467.x [DOI]
19. Geist, V. (1998). Deer of the world: their evolution, behaviour, and ecology. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA, USA. 421 pp.
20. Ghigi, A. (1911). Ricerche faunistiche e sistematiche sui Mammiferi d’Italia che formano oggetto di caccia. Natura, 2 (10–11): 289–337.
21. Gippoliti, S. (2013). Checklist delle specie dei mammiferi italiani (esclusi Mysticeti e Odontoceti): un contributo per la conservazione della biodiversità. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, (Botanica Zoologia), 37: 7–28.
22. Gippoliti, S. and Amori, G. (2002). Anthopochorous mammal taxa and conservation lists. Conservation Biology, 16: 1162–1164.
23. Gippoliti, S. and Amori, G. (2004). Mediterranean Island mammals: are they a priority for biodiversity conservation? Biogeographia- The Journal of Integrative Biogeography, 25 (1): 135–144. https://doi.org/10.21426/B6110135 [DOI]
24. Gippoliti, S. and Amori, G. (2006). Ancient introductions of mammals in the Mediterranean Basin and their implications for conservation. Mammal Review, 36 (1): 37–48. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.2006.00081.x [DOI]
25. Gippoliti, S., Capula, M., Ficetola, G. F., Salvi, D. and Andreone, F. (2017). Threatened by legislative conservationism? The case of the critically endangered Aeolian lizard. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 5: 130. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2017.00130 [DOI]
26. Gippoliti, S., and Groves, C. P. (2018). Overlooked mammal diversity and conservation priorities in Italy: Impacts of taxonomic neglect on a Biodiversity Hotspot in Europe. Zootaxa, 4434(3), 511–528. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4434.3.7 [DOI]
27. Gliozzi, E., Malatesta, A. and Scalone, E. (1993). Revision of Cervus elaphus siciliae Pohlig, 1893, Late Pleistocene endemic deer of the Siculo-Maltese district. Geologica Romana, 29: 307–353.
28. Groves, C. and Grubb, P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 336 pp.
29. Hajji, G. M., Charfi-Cheikrouha, F., Lorenzini, R., Vigne, J. D., Hartl, G. B. and Zachos, F. E. (2008). Phylogeography and founder effect of the endangered Corsican red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Biodiversity and Conservation, 17 (3): 659–673. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-007-9297-9 [DOI]
30. IUCN (1990). 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, 1990, 228 pp., SB £7.50/$US15. (1991). Oryx, 25 (2), 114–114. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605300035201 [DOI]
31. Jenkins, D. (1972). The status of red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus) in Sardinia in 1967, In: Una vita per la Natura (Ed.), WWF, Camerino, Italy. pp. 173–195.
32. Joleaud, L. (1913). Etudes de géographie zoologique sur la Berbérie. I. Les Cervidés. Revue Africaine, 56: 471–499.
33. Joleaud, L. (1925). Etudes de géographie zoologique sur la Berbérie. Les Ruminants cervicornes. Glasnik Hrvatskoga prirodoslovnoga Drustva, 38–39, 263–322.
34. Kidjo, N., Feracci, G., Bideau, E., Gonzalez, G., Mattéi, C., Marchand, B. and Aulagnier, S. (2007). Extirpation and reintroduction of the Corsican red deer Cervus elaphus corsicanus in Corsica. Oryx, 41 (4): 488–494. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605307012069 [DOI]
35. Kokko, H. (2001). Optimal and suboptimal use of compensatory responses to harvesting: timing of hunting as example. Wildlife Biology, 7 (3): 141–150. https://doi.org/10.2981/wlb.2001.018 [DOI]
36. Legge, S., Woinarski, J. C. Z., Burbidge, A. A., Palmer, R., Ringma, J., Radford, J. Q., Mitchell, N., Bode, M., Wintle, B., Baseler, M., Bentley, J., Copley, P., Dexter, N., Dickman, C. R., Gillespie, G. R., Hill, B., Johnson, C. N., Latch, P., Letnic, M., Manning, A., McCreless, E. E., Menkhorst, P., Morris, K., Moseby, K., Page, M., Pannell, D. and Tuft, K. (2018). Havens for threatened Australian mammals: The contributions of fenced areas and offshore islands to the protection of mammal species susceptible to introduced predators. Wildlife Research, 45 (7): 627–644. https://doi.org/10.1071/WR17172 [DOI]
37. Lister, A. M. (1989). Rapid dwarfing of red deer on Jersey in the Last Interglacial. Nature, 342: 539–542. https://doi.org/10.1038/342539a0 [DOI]
38. Lovari, S., Lorenzini, R., Masseti, M., Pereladova, O., Carden, R. F., Brook, S. M. and Mattioli, S. (2018). Cervus elaphus (errata version published in 2019). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T55997072A142404453. Downloaded on 16 March 2020. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLT S.T55997072A142404453.en [DOI]
39. Lydekker, R. (1898). The deer of all lands. a history of the family Cervidae, living and extinct. Rowland Ward, London, UK, 329 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.67424 [DOI]
40. Maillard, D., Casanova, J. B. and Gaillard, J. M. (1995). Dynamique de l'abroutissement dû au cerf de Corse (Cervus elaphus corsicanus) sur la végétation des enclos du parc de Quenza (Corse). Mammalia, 59: 363–372. [In French]
41. Martins, R. F., Schmidt, A., Lenz, D., Wilting, A. and Fickel, J. (2018). Human-mediated introduction of introgressed deer across Wallace’s line: Historical biogeography of Rusa unicolor and R. timorensis. Ecology and Evolution, 8 (3): 1465–1479. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3754 [DOI]
42. Mattioli, S. (2003). Cervus elaphus (Linnaeus, 1758), In: Boitani, L., Lovari, S. and Vigna Taglianti, A. (Eds.), Fauna d’Italia. Mammiferi. Calderini, Bologna. pp 276–294.
43. Meiri, M., Kosintsev, P., Conroy, K., Meiri, S., Barnes, I. And Lister, A. (2018). Subspecies dynamics in space and time: a study of the red deer complex using ancient and modern DNA and morphology. Journal of Biogeography, 45 (2): 367–380. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13124 [DOI]
44. Miller, G. S. (1912). Catalogue of the mammals of Western Europe (Europe exclusive of Russia) in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London, UK. 1019 pp. https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.8830 [DOI]
45. Murgia, A. (2018). Status del Cervus elaphus corsicanus in Sardegna. Progetto life “One deer two islands”. Meeting finale. Cagliari, 1–2 March 2018.
46. Perco, F. (2020). How hunting and wildlife conservation can coexist: Review and case studies, In: Angelici, F. and Rossi, L. (Eds.), Problematic Wildlife II. New conservation and management challenges in the human-wildlife interactions. Springer, Chasm. pp. 215–250. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42335-3_8 [DOI]
47. Pisanu, S., Farris, E., Filigheddu, R. and Garcıá, M. B. (2012). Demographic effects of large, introduced herbivores on a long-lived endemic plant. Plant Ecology, 213: 1543–1553. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-012-0110-9 [DOI]
48. Pitra, C., Fickel, J., Meijaard, E. and Groves, P. C. (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 33 (3): 880–895. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.07.013 [DOI]
49. Queirós, J., Gortázar, C. and Alves, P. C. (2020). Deciphering anthropogenic effects on the genetic background of the Red deer in the Iberian Peninsula. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8: 147. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.00147 [DOI]
50. Robovský, J., Melichar, L. and Gippoliti, S. (2020). Zoos and conservation in the Anthropocene: opportunities and problems, In: Angelici, F. and Rossi, L. (Eds.), Problematic Wildlife II – New conservation and management challenges in the human-wildlife interactions. Springer, Chasm. pp. 451–484. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42335-3_14 [DOI]
51. Rondinini, C., Battistoni, A., Peronace, V. and Teofili, C. (Eds.). (2013). Lista Rossa IUCN dei Vertebrati Italiani. Comitato Italiano IUCN e Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare, Roma.
52. Ruffino, L., Bourgeois, K., Vidal, E., Duhem, C., Paracuellos, M., Escribano, F., Sposimo, P., Baccetti, N., Pascal, M. and Oro, D. (2009). Invasive rats and seabirds after 2,000 years of an unwanted coexistence on Mediterranean islands. Biological Invasions, 11 (7): 1631–1651. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-008-9394-z [DOI]
53. Takatsuki, S. (2009). Effects of sika deer on vegetation in Japan: A review. Biological Conservation, 142 (9): 1922–1929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.02.011 [DOI]
54. Thakur, M., Schättin, E. W. and McShea, W. J. (2018). Globally common, locally rare: revisiting disregarded genetic diversity for conservation planning of widespread species. Biodiversity and Conservation, 27, 3031–3035. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-018-1579-x [DOI]
55. Van der Made, J. and Palombo, M. R. (2006). Megaloceros sardus n. sp., a large deer from the Pleistocene of Sardinia. Hellenic Journal of Geosciences, 41; 163–176.
56. Varuzza, P. (2019). Ungulati. Capriolo, Cervo, Daino, Muflone e Cinghiale. Geographica srl. Teggiano (SA), 116 pp.
57. Vigne, J. D. (1988). Les mammifères post-glaciaires de Corse. Étude archéozoologique. Gallia Préhistoire, 26: 141–153. [In French]
58. Vigne, J. D. (1992). Zooarchaeology and the biogeographical history of the mammals of Corsica and Sardinia since the last ice age. Mammal Review, 22 (2): 87–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.1992.tb00124.x [DOI]
59. Von den Driesch, A. and Boessneck, J. (1974). Kritische Anmerkungen zur Widerristhönenberechnungs aus Längenmessen vor-und frühgeschichtlichen Tierknoch- en. Säugetierkundliche Mitteilungen, 40: 325–348.
60. Wildt, D., Miller, P., Koepfli, K. P., Pukazhenthi, B., Palfrey, K., Livingston, G., Beetem, D., Shurter, S., Gregory, J., Takács, M. and Snodgrass, K. (2019). Breeding Centers, Private Ranches, and Genomics for Creating Sustainable Wildlife Populations. BioScience, 69 (11): 928–943. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biz091 [DOI]
61. Zachos, F. E. and Hartl, G. B. (2006). Island populations, human introductions and the limitations of genetic analyses: the case of the Sardinian Red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Human Evolution, 21 (2):177–183. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11598-006-9012-y [DOI]
62. Zachos, F. E., Mattioli, S., Ferretti, F. and Lorenzini, R. (2014). The unique Mesola red deer of Italy: taxonomic recognition (Cervus elaphus italicus nova ssp., Cervidae) would endorse conservation. Italian Journal of Zoology, 81 (1): 136-143. https://doi.org/10.1080/11250003.2014.895060 [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

User comments
Comment sent by Vallie on 2020/07/12
I have been surfing on-line greater than 3 hours nowadays, yet I never found
any fascinating article like yours. It is pretty value enough for me.
Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content material as
you did, the net will be much more useful
than ever before. I could not refrain from commenting. Well written!
It is appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to
be happy. I have read this post and if I could I wish
to suggest you few interesting things or suggestions.
Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.
I desire to read more things about it! http://cars.com

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  | Journal of Animal Diversity

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb