Volume 5, Issue 4 (In Press 2023)                   JAD 2023, 5(4): 15-31 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moradi N, Shafiei Bafti S, Sehhatisabet M E, Zadhoush B, Rastegar-Pouyani E. Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Lytorhynchus Peters, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae) with special reference to the Iranian taxa. JAD 2023; 5 (4) :15-31
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-308-en.html
1- Iranian Plateau Herpetology Research Group (IPHRG), Faculty of Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran , n.ophidia.007@gmail.com
2- Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran
3- Department of the Environment of Iran, Provincial Office of Kerman, Iran
4- Department of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, Iran
5- Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract:   (2376 Views)
The genus Lytorhynchus, spanning from the Sahara’s western fringes to the Middle East, eastern Pakistan, and northwestern India, has seen numerous species and subspecies classifications over the years. Many of these have been deemed synonymous due to overlapping morphological traits, a problem compounded by the absence of a comprehensive phylogenetic study. The taxa residing in Iran exhibit morphological variations attributable to their broad distribution and disjunct populations. Of the seven recognized species, three have been confirmed in Iran, although some populations display pholidosis distinct from initial descriptions. Species identification has also been fraught with ambiguities. This study aims to elucidate the diagnostic characteristics of taxa and furnish an updated identification key by revisiting past studies and examining new voucher specimens. The biogeography of Iranian taxa is also explored.

 
Full-Text [PDF 10426 kb]   (121 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Species Diversity
Received: 2023/07/28 | Accepted: 2023/12/20 | Published: 2023/12/31

References
1. Afrasiab, S. R. and Ail, H.A. (1989). A new record of the snake Lytorhynchus kennedyi Schmidt (Reptilia, Colubridae) from Iraq. Bulletin of the Iraq Natural History Museum, 8: 157-159.
2. Agarwal, I. and Srikanthan, A. N. (2013). Further Records of the Sindh Awl-Headed Snake, Lytorhynchus paradoxus (Günther, 1875), from India with Notes on Its Habitat and Natural History. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 20 (3): 165-170.
3. Aghanabati, A. (2004). Geology of Iran. GSI Publication, Tehran. 709 pp.
4. Alcock, A. and Finn, F. (1897). An account of the Reptilia collected by Dr. F.P. Maynard, Captain A.H. McMahon, C.I.E., and the members of the Afghan-Baluch Boundary commission of 1896. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 65: 550-566.
5. Alshammari, A. (2021). First record of Kennedy's Leafnose Snake, Lytorhynchus kennedyi for Saudi Arabia (Squamata: Colubridae). Herpetology Notes, 14: 1273-1275.
6. Amr, Z. S. and Disi, A. M. (2011). Systematics, distribution and ecology of the snakes of Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology, 61(2): 179-266. [DOI:10.3897/vz.61.e31150]
7. Anderson, J. (1898): Zoology of Egypt, vol. 1. Reptilia and Batrachia. Bernard Quaritch, London, lxv + 371 pp.
8. Anderson, S. C. (1999). The Lizards of Iran. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio. 442 pp.
9. Angel, F. (1944). Contribution à l'étude de la faune herpétologique du Sahara central. Bulletin du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, 16 (6): 418-419.
10. Arnold, E. (1980). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. Journal of Oman Studies, 2(2): 273-332.
11. Baloutch, M. (1972). Lytorhynchus maynardi (Alcock & Finn, 1896) trouvé en Iran. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science, Tehran University, 4: 79-82.
12. Bhide, K., Captain, A. and Khandal, D. (2004). First record of Lytorhynchus paradoxus (Gunther, 1875) (Scrpentes: Colubridac) from the Republic of India, with notes on its distribution. Hamadryad-Madras, 28: 123-127.
13. Böttger O (1880). Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palästina und Cypern. Bericht über die Senckenbergische naturforschende Gesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 1879/1880: 132-219
14. Boulenger, G. A. (1887). Description of a new snake from Afghanistan. Journal of Natural History, 20: 413-414. [DOI:10.1080/00222938709460089]
15. Boulenger, G. A. (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. III., containing the Colubridae (Opistoglyphae and Proteroglyphae), Amblycephalidae, and Viperidae. Trustrees of the British Museum, London. 727 pp.
16. Disi, A. M., Modrý, D., Necas, P. and Rifai, L. (2001). Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main. 408 pp.
17. Doumergue, F. (1901). Essai sur la faune erpétologique de l'Oranie. Bulletin de la Société de Géographie et d'Archéologie d'Oran, 19-21: 1-404.
18. Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G., and Duméril, A. (1854). Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Atlas refermant 120 planches gravees sur acier. Libraire Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 488 pp. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.118797]
19. Elpatjewsky, W. S. and Sabanejew, L. L. (1906). Ergänzungen zur herpetologischen Fauna des Russischen Reichs. Zoologischer Jahrbücher (Abteilung fü Systematic, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere), Jena, 24 (4): 247-261.
20. Gasperetti, J. (1988). Snakes of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 9: 169-450.
21. Günther, A. (1875). Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained by the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1875: 224-234.
22. Haas, G. (1952). Two collections of Reptiles from Iraq, with descriptions of two new forms. Copeia, 1952: 20-22. [DOI:10.2307/1437616]
23. Haas, G. (1957). Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proceedings California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 29 (3): 47-86.
24. Hosseinian Yousefkhani S.S., Yousefi, M., Khani, A. and Rastegar-Pouyani, E. (2014). Snake fauna of Shirahmad wildlife refuge and Parvand protected area, Khorasan Razavi province, Iran. Hepetology Notes, 7: 75-82.
25. Khalaf, K.T. (1960): Notes on a collection of Lizards and Snakes from Iraq. Iraq Natural History Meusem Publication, 18: 12-18.
26. Khan, M.S. (2002). A Guide to the Snakes of Pakistan (Vol. 16). Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.143 pp.
27. Kramer, E., Schnurrenberger, H. (1963). Systematik, Verbreitung und Ökologie der Libyschen Schlangen. Revue suisse de Zoologie, 70: 453-568. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.part.75250]
28. Latifi, M. (2000). The Snakes of Iran. Iran Department of the Environment, Tehran. 478 pp. [In Persian].
29. Leviton, A. E. (1977). A new lytorhynchid snake. Journal of The Saudi Arabian Natural History Society, 19:16-25.
30. Leviton, A. E. and Anderson, S. C. (1970). Review of the snakes of the genus Lytorhynchus. California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4th, 37: 249-274.
31. Leviton, A. E., Anderson, S. C., Adler, K., and Minton, S. A. (1992), Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio. 252 pp.
32. Martens, H. (1993). Three species of snake new for Syria. Zoology in the Middle East, 9(1): 49-58.
33. Mertens, R. (1969). Die Amphibien und Reptilien West-Pakistans. Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, 197: 1-96.
34. Moravec, J. (1995). On a small collection of reptiles from Agedabia, Libya. Gasopis Narodniho muzea, Rada prirodovedna, 164: 51-54.
35. Nasrabadi, R., Rastegar-Pouyani, E., Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S. and Khani, A. (2016). Reptiles Fauna of Sabzevar, Northeastern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics, 12(2): 255-259.
36. Nikolsky, A. M. (1907). Presmykaiushchiiasia i zemnovoddnyia, sobrannyia N. A. Zarudym v Persii v 1903-1904 gg. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 10: 260 - 301.
37. Olson, D. M., Dinerstein, E., Wikramanayake, E. D., Burgess, N. D., Powell, G. V. N., Underwood, E. C., D'amico, J. A., Itoua, I., Strand, H. E., Morrison, J. C., Loucks, C. J., Allnutt, T. F., Ricketts, T. H., Kura, Y., Lamoreux, J. F., Wettengel, W. W., Hedao, P., and Kassem, K. R. (2001). Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on Earth: a new global map of terrestrial ecoregions provides an innovative tool for conserving biodiversity. Bioscience, 51: 933-938. [DOI:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2]
38. Peters, W. C. H. (1863). Eine Übersicht der von Hrn. Richard Schomburgk and as zoologische Museum eingesandten Amphibien, aus Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien. Monatsberichte der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 4: 228-236.
39. Rajabizadeh, M. (2018). Snakes of Iran. Iranshenasi, Tehran. 496 pp. [in Farsi]
40. Salemi, A., Heydari, N., and Mahin M. J. (2018). A new distribution record for the rare Maynard's Longnose Sand Snake, Lytorhynchus maynardi Alcock and Finn, 1896 from Nikshahr, southeastern Iran. Herpetology Notes, 11: 617-619.
41. Schleich, H. H., Kästle, W., and Kabisch, K. (1996). Amphibians and reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigstein. 630 pp.
42. Schmidt, K. P. (1939). Reptiles and Amphibians from southwestern Asia. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series, 24: 49-92. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.3841] []
43. Shafiei, S., Fahimi, H., Sehhatisabet, M. E., and Moradi, N. (2015). Rediscovery of Maynard's Longnose Sand Snake, Lytorhynchus maynardi, with the geographic distribution of the genus Lytorhynchus Peters, 1863 in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 61(1): 32-37. [DOI:10.1080/09397140.2014.994309]
44. Sheikh, Y., Oraie, H., and Rastegar-pouyani, E. (2019). Morphological Study of Sistan Snakes. Journal of Animal Research (Iranian Journal of Biology), 32(4): 283-291.
45. Sindaco, R., Doria, G., Razzetti, E., and Bernini, F. (2006). Atlante degli Anfibi e dei Rettili d'Italia. Societas Herpetologica Italica-Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze. 773 pp.
46. Sindaco, R., Jeremčenko, V.K., Venchi, A. and Grieco, C. (2008). The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic: Annotated checklist and distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia (Vol. 1). Edizioni Belvedere, Latina.580 pp.
47. Sindaco, R., Venchi, A. and Grieco C. (2013). The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 2. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Snakes of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, with an update to the Vol. 1. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina. 543 pp.
48. Smith, M. (1943). The fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese sub-region. Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
49. Taghdisi, M., Kami, H. G., Kaboli, M., Karami, M. (2012). A faunestic study of reptiles and amphibian of Sarigol National Park, in Northern Khorasan province. Journal of Animal Environment, 3(4): 1-10.
50. Tamar, K., Šmíd, J., Göçmen, B., Meiri, S. and Carranza, S. (2016). An integrative systematic revision and biogeography of Rhynchocalamus snakes (Reptilia, Colubridae) with a description of a new species from Israel. PeerJ, 4, p.e2769. [DOI:10.7717/peerj.2769] [PMID] []
51. Torki, F. (2017). Description of a new species of Lytorhynchus (Squamata: Colubridae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East, 63(2): 109-116. [DOI:10.1080/09397140.2017.1299319]
52. Uetz, P., Freed, P., Aguilar, R., Reyes, F., and Hošek, J. (2023). The Reptile Database. http://www.reptile-database.org (Accessed 26 August 2023).
53. Wallach, V., Williams, K. L., and Boundy, J. (2014). Snakes of the world: a catalogue of living and extinct species. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 1237 pp.
54. Walter, H., Lieth, H. (1960-1967). Klimadiagramm-Weltatlas. Fischer-Verlag, Jena.
55. Werner, F. (1927). Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Wiener naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum (III. Teil). Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 135: 243-257.
56. Werner, F. (1931). Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Marokko. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 140: 235-256.
57. Werner, F. (1938). Reptilien aus Iran und Belutschistan. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 121(9/10): 265-271.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  | Journal of Animal Diversity

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb