Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2021)                   JAD 2021, 3(3): 86-92 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadadev B M, Silwal T, Dhami B, Thapa N, Neupane B, Rana A et al . Do grassland burning practices affect the distribution of the Hispid hare, Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson, 1839)? A study at the Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. JAD 2021; 3 (3) :86-92
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-170-en.html
1- Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, Pokhara, Nepal
2- Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, Pokhara, Nepal , tsilwal@iofpc.edu.np
3- Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, School of Forestry and Natural Resource Management, Kathmandu, Nepal
4- Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Technische Universität Dresden, 01737 Dresden, Germany
5- Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal
Abstract:   (7533 Views)
Few researches have been conducted on the hispid hare Caprolagus hispidus, an endangered small mammal native to the southern foothills of the Himalayas. In major protected areas of Nepal, grassland burning has been considered as one of the most important habitat management tools however its effects on grassland dependent species such as hispid hare has been less explored. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the grassland burning practices and its effect on distribution pattern of hispid hare at Shuklaphanta National Park, far-western Nepal. A total of 90 plots were laid in unburned (n= 45) and burned areas (n= 45) from November 2017 to May 2018. Two different approaches of grassland burning were observed: alternate and complete burning. Grassland burns are conducted from November to April each year, which coincides with the prime breeding season of hispid hares. A total of 89 pellet groups were observed in 22 plots out of 45 unburned plots while a total of 56 pellet groups were found in 17 plots out of 45 burned plots, both showing clumped type of distribution pattern of hispid hare in the study site. Higher number of fresh pellets was observed in the unburned plot. In contrast, higher number of old pellets was found in the burned plots. Thus, it is suggested that alternate year burning practices might have more positive effects on distribution and survival of this endangered species, rather than every year.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Ecological Diversity
Received: 2021/06/4 | Accepted: 2021/08/18 | Published: 2021/09/30

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