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Mondal K, Chourasia P, Gupta S, Sankar K, Qureshi Q. Investigating on resource selection of Leopard Panthera pardus fusca (Meyer, 1794) in a tropical dry deciduous forest of Western India. JAD. 2022; 4 (2)
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-151-en.html
1- Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, Integrated Regional Office, 25, Subhash Road, Dehradun – 248001, Uttarakhand
2- Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun - 248001, Uttarakhand, India , pooja.wildlife@yahoo.in
3- Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradun - 248001, Uttarakhand, India
4- Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Post, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Abstract:   (638 Views)
To understand leopard’s generalist nature and whether they have any degree of specialization, a study on resource selection of the Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) was carried out in atropical dry deciduous forest of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Western India from January 2007 to May 2011 through camera trapping under mark-recapture framework. Camera trapping was done in the intensive study area (230 km2) covering 85 to 130 occasions each year with 200 camera locations. In total, 40 individuals of Indian leopards were identified in the study area, of which seven leopards were selected for the resource selection analysis. The resource selection of Indian leopards was investigated in two scales. Firstly, habitat selection was studied using compositional analysis comparing the habitat availability in geographic range of all seven Indian leopards and utilization by individual animalwithin it. The results showed that habitat selection was non-random (p< 0.001). The preference of habitat selection of leopard was in the following order: Boswellia forest> Anogeissus forest> Acacia forest> Butea forest> Zizyphus forest> Barren land> Scrubland. Secondly, resource selection was studied through a generalized linear mixed-effect model (GLMM) comparing the resource availability and utilization in each individual leopard’s range. The results showed that leopard preferred Anogeissus dominated forest followed by Zizyphus mixed forest and scrubland. In addition, leopard preferred the habitat with higher encounter rate of the Sambar (Rusa unicolor) and Chital (Axis axis) and less used habitat with higher encounter rate of livestock. The results revealed that Indian leopards showed a significant degree of preference to moderate to thick vegetation cover and wild prey species rather than areas with open forest types and domestic prey species.  
     
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Ecological Diversity
Received: 2021/05/26 | Accepted: 2022/05/4 | Published: 2022/06/17

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