Volume 3, Issue 4 (12-2021)                   JAD 2021, 3(4): 49-55 | Back to browse issues page

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Yadav S K, Lamichhane B R, Subedi N, Acharya H B, Macdonald D W, Fitzmaurice A. Rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire) camera trapped in the Bardia-Banke complex of Western Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal. JAD. 2021; 3 (4) :49-55
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-147-en.html
1- Institute of Forestry, Tribhuwan University, Hetauda Campus, Hetauda 44107, Nepal , shailendrayadav69@gmail.com
2- National Trust for Nature Conservation-Biodiversity Conservation Center, Sauraha, Nepal
3- National Trust for Nature Conservation, Post Box No: 3712, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
4- Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal
5- Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, The Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, England
6- Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, The Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, England; The North of England Zoological Society, Chester Zoo, England
Abstract:   (2962 Views)
The Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus is a ‘Near Threatened’ small felid native to South Asia. It was believed to occur only in India and Sri Lanka, but recent studies confirmed its presence in the Bardia National Park (BNP) and Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Here we add evidence of the species in the Banke National Park (BaNP) in 2013 and Bardia National Park (BNP) in 2017. A pair of motion sensor cameras was installed either side of the game trail, forest road or stream bed, maximizing the possibility of tiger capture. Cameras were active for a minimum of 15 days in each sampling location. Camera trap photos were systematically sorted species- wise. A photograph of a single individual rusty-spotted cat was obtained in BaNP in the hot dry season (April–May) of 2013. The camera trap location in BaNP lies in dry- deciduous Sal Shoresa robusta forest at a distance of approximately 4.3 km from the nearest settlements. Additional photographs of rusty-spotted cat were obtained in BNP during the camera trap survey conducted in the dry season (January-April) of 2017. Importantly, the BNP detections confirm the presence of rusty-spotted cats in community forests outside protected areas. These findings reinforce mounting evidence of the value of observations of elusive species made as by-catch from camera-trapping studies focused on tigers or other large charismatic fauna, especially in the context of extending information on poorly known geographical ranges.
Full-Text [PDF 858 kb]   (173 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Ecological Diversity
Received: 2021/05/11 | Accepted: 2021/11/16 | Published: 2021/12/31

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