Volume 3, Issue 4 (12-2021)                   JAD 2021, 3(4): 49-55 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yadav S K, Lamichhane B R, Subedi N, Acharya H B, Macdonald D W, Fitzmaurice A. Rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire) camera trapped in the Bardia-Banke complex of Western Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal. JAD. 2021; 3 (4) :49-55
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-147-en.html
1- Institute of Forestry, Tribhuwan University, Hetauda Campus, Hetauda 44107, Nepal , shailendrayadav69@gmail.com
2- National Trust for Nature Conservation-Biodiversity Conservation Center, Sauraha, Nepal
3- National Trust for Nature Conservation, Post Box No: 3712, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
4- Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Babarmahal, Kathmandu, Nepal
5- Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, The Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, England
6- Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, The Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford, England; The North of England Zoological Society, Chester Zoo, England
Abstract:   (2962 Views)
The Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus is a ‘Near Threatened’ small felid native to South Asia. It was believed to occur only in India and Sri Lanka, but recent studies confirmed its presence in the Bardia National Park (BNP) and Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Here we add evidence of the species in the Banke National Park (BaNP) in 2013 and Bardia National Park (BNP) in 2017. A pair of motion sensor cameras was installed either side of the game trail, forest road or stream bed, maximizing the possibility of tiger capture. Cameras were active for a minimum of 15 days in each sampling location. Camera trap photos were systematically sorted species- wise. A photograph of a single individual rusty-spotted cat was obtained in BaNP in the hot dry season (April–May) of 2013. The camera trap location in BaNP lies in dry- deciduous Sal Shoresa robusta forest at a distance of approximately 4.3 km from the nearest settlements. Additional photographs of rusty-spotted cat were obtained in BNP during the camera trap survey conducted in the dry season (January-April) of 2017. Importantly, the BNP detections confirm the presence of rusty-spotted cats in community forests outside protected areas. These findings reinforce mounting evidence of the value of observations of elusive species made as by-catch from camera-trapping studies focused on tigers or other large charismatic fauna, especially in the context of extending information on poorly known geographical ranges.
Full-Text [PDF 858 kb]   (173 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Ecological Diversity
Received: 2021/05/11 | Accepted: 2021/11/16 | Published: 2021/12/31

References
1. Adhikari, D., Joshi, P. R., Poudel, L. P., Sigdel, P., Poudel, S., Shah, G. B., Sandersons, J. G., Chaudhary, S. and Dahal, S. (2019). Road-kill record of a Rusty-spotted Cat in Shuklaphanta National Park, Nepal. Cat News, 69: 29-30.
2. Amin, R., Baral, H. S., Lamichhane, B. R., Poudyal, L. P., Lee, S., Jnawali, S. R., Acharya, K. P., Upadhyaya, G. P., Pandey, M. B., Shrestha, R., Joshi, D., Griffiths, J., Khatiwada, A. P. and Subedi, N. (2018). The status of Nepal's mammals. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10 (3): 11361-11378. [DOI:10.11609/jott.3712.10.3.11361-11378]
3. Anwar, M., Kumar, H. and Vattakavan, J. (2010). Range extension of rusty-spotted cat to the Indian Terai. Cat News, 53: 25-26.
4. Anwar, M., Hasan, D. and Vattakavan, J. (2012). Rusty spotted cat in Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh State, India. Cat News, 56: 12-13.
5. BaNP (2018). Banke National Park and its Buffer Zone Management Plan 2075/76-2079/80, Banke National Park Office, Obhari, Banke, Nepal.
6. BaNP/NTNC-BCP (2019). Mammals of Banke National Park and Buffer Zone. Banke National Park and National Trust for Nature Conservation, Bardia Conservation Program.
7. Bhattarai, K. (1993). Long term forestry vision of Bardia district. District forest office Bardia, Gularia. (Unpublished).
8. DNPWC and DFSC. (2018). Status of Tigers and Prey in Nepal. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Department of Forests and Soil Conservation. Ministry of Forests and Environment, Kathmandu, Nepal.
9. Dhakal, M., Karki Thapa, M., Jnawali, S. R., Subedi, N., Pradhan, N. M. B., Malla, S., Lamichhane, B. R., Pokheral, C. P., Thapa, G. J., Oglethorpe, J., Subba, S. A., Bajracharya, P. R. and Yadav, H. (2014). Status of tigers and prey in Nepal. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal. 74 pp.
10. Dinerstein, E. (1979). An ecological survey of the Royal Karnali- Bardia Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Part I: vegetation, modifying factors, and successional relationships. Biological Conservation, 15: 127-150. [DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(79)90030-2]
11. Jnawali, S. R., Baral, H. S., Lee, S., Acharya, K. P., Upadhyay, G. P., Pandey, M., Shrestha, R., Joshi, D., Lamichhane, B. R., Griffiths, J. and Khatiwada, A. (2011). The status of Nepal Mammals: The National Red List Series. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation. Kathmandu, Nepal. 276 pp.
12. Karki, J. B., Jnawali, S. R., Shrestha, R., Pandey, M. B., Gurung, G., Thapa, (Karki), M. (2009). Tiger and their prey base abundance in Terai Arc Landscape, Nepal. Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation and Department of Forests, Kathmandu, Nepal.
13. Lamichhane, B. R., Kadariya, R., Subedi, N., Dhakal, B. K., Dhakal, M., Thapa, K. and Acharya, K. P. (2016). Rusty- spotted cat: 12th cat species discovered in Western Terai of Nepal. Cat News, 64: 30-33.
14. Mukherjee, A. and Koparde, P. (2014). Sighting of Rusty-spotted Cat in Anaikatty Reserve Forest, Tamil Nadu, India. Cat News, 60: 32.
15. Mukherjee, S., Duckworth, J. W., Silva, A., Appel, A. and Kittle, A. (2016). Prionailurus rubiginosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18149A50662471. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18149A50 662471.en. Downloaded on 05 May 2021.
16. Niedballa, J., Courtiol, A. and Sollmann, R. (2020). Package 'camtrapR'. Available from: https://cran.r- project.org/web/packages/camtrapR/camtrapR.pdf
17. Nowell, K. and Jackson, P. (1996). Rusty-spotted Cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (http://www.catsg.org/ca tsgportal/catwebsite/catfolk/rubig01.htm) In: Wild Cats: status survey and conservation action plan. IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland.
18. Pathak, B. J. (1990). Rusty-spotted Cat Felis rubiginosa Geoffroy: a new record for Gir Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 87: 445.
19. RBNP (2005). Royal Bardia National Park Management Plan. Kathmandu, Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, HMGN Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation.
20. Ridout, M. S. and Linkie, M. (2009). Estimating overlap of daily activity patterns from camera trap data. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics, 14: 322-337. [DOI:10.1198/jabes.2009.08038]
21. Rowcliffe, J. M., Kays, R., Kranstauber, B., Carbone, C. and Jansen, P. A. (2014). Quantifying levels of animal activity using camera trap data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 5 (11): 1170-1179. [DOI:10.1111/2041-210X.12278]
22. Sunquist, M. and Sunquist, F. (2002). Rusty-spotted cat Prionailurus rubiginosus (Geoffroy, 1831), In: Wild cats of the world. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. pp. 237-240. [DOI:10.7208/chicago/9780226518237.001.0001]
23. Støen, O. G. and Wegge, P. (1996). Prey selection and prey removal by tiger (Panthera tigris) during the dry season in lowland Nepal. Mammalia, 60: 363-373. [DOI:10.1515/mamm-1996-0303]
24. Thapa, S. and Chapman, D. S. (2010). Impacts of resource extraction on forest structure and diversity in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Forest Ecology and Management, 259 (3): 641-649. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2009.11.023]
25. Thapa, K., Kelly, M. J., Karki, J. B. and Subedi, N. (2013). First camera trap record of pack hunting dholes in Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Canid Biology and Conservation, 16 (2): 4-7.
26. Upadhyay, B. R. (2005). Park and people conflict: the case of the eastern buffer zone of Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. MSc thesis. Pokhara, Institute of Forestry.
27. Van Gruisen, J. and Sinclair, T. (1992). Fur trade in Kathmandu: implications for India. TRAFFIC India Investigation, New Delhi.
28. Vyas, R. and Upadhyay, A. K. (2014). Sightings and distribution of rusty-spotted cat in Gujarat State, India. Cat News, 61: 26-29.
29. Wegge, P., Odden, M., Pokheral, C. P. and Storaas, T. (2009). Predator-prey relationships and responses of ungulates and their predators to the establishment of protected areas: a case study of tigers, leopards and their prey in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Biological Conservation, 142: 189-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2008.10.020]
30. Yadav, S. K., Lamichhane, B., Subedi, N., Thapa, R., Poudyal, L., and Dahal, B. (2019). Dhole Cuon alpinus (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae) rediscovered in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11 (12): 14582-14586. [DOI:10.11609/jott.4714.11.12.14582-14586]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  | Journal of Animal Diversity

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb