Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2021)                   JAD 2021, 3(3): 93-108 | Back to browse issues page

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Singh K D, Bhattarai B P. Ichthyodiversity and conservation importance of the Jakhor Taal Lake in Kailali district, far western Nepal. JAD 2021; 3 (3) :93-108
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-127-en.html
1- Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, P.O. Box 5275, Kathmandu, Nepal
2- Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, P.O. Box 5275, Kathmandu, Nepal , bishnu.bhattarai@cdz.tu.edu.np
Abstract:   (6780 Views)
Jakhor Taal is an ox-bow perennial lake, situated in Dhangadhi sub-metropolitan city in Kailali district, Nepal. The present study focuses on the factors determining fish diversity, socio-economic status of fishing communities and conservation challenges of Jakhor Taal. Fish sampling was done by gill net, cast net and other local fishing techniques such as Helka and Tiyari nets and Dhadiya trap. A total of 24 fish species (8 exotic and 16 native) were recorded belonging to 7 orders, 14 families and 22 genera. The order Cypriniformes was found to be highest, obtaining 41.66% of the total fish species recorded and 65.38% of total fish caught during the study period (February 2019 - August 2019) followed by Siluriformes (20.33%) and Perciformes (16.67%), respectively. The Shannon-Weiner diversity index was found highest (2.93) in winter (February) and lowest (2.76) in summer (July). Similarly, the Simpson and Evenness values were also found slightly higher during winter (February) in comparison to summer (July). The Shannon-Weiner diversity index was found highest (2.73) at station II in comparison to station I, III, and IV where it was 2.31, 2.09, and 2.04, respectively. Results from the Redundancy analysis (RDA) revealed that the environmental variables such as water temperature, depth and dissolved oxygen were found to be highly significant to most of the fish species at different stations and months. However, pH and free CO2 was not shown to have any relationship or significance. Altogether, 22 clusters were formed in which exotic species show highly significant clustering in comparison to native species. The socio-economic status of the local fishing communities is below the poverty line and the lake and its fishing resources play vital roles in their diet and income source. In the context of conservation challenges and implications, this lake is highly neglected by both governmental and local communities and this negatively affects its natural properties through habitat destruction, illegal fishing, urbanization, invasive species, and a general lack of awareness.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Species Diversity
Received: 2021/01/20 | Accepted: 2021/06/18 | Published: 2021/09/30

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