Volume 3, Issue 3 (9-2021)                   JAD 2021, 3(3): 45-55 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Miya M S, Gautam D, Neupane B, Chhetri A. Species diversity and abundance of Odonata in Sishaghat of Tanahun district, Nepal. JAD 2021; 3 (3) :45-55
URL: http://jad.lu.ac.ir/article-1-116-en.html
1- Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Pokhara, 33700, Nepal
2- School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China
3- Tribhuvan University, Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Pokhara, 33700, Nepal , bneupane@iofpc.edu.np
Abstract:   (7236 Views)
Odonata are one of the most ancient, well studied and fascinating insect orders considered as bio-indicators of aquatic ecosystems. Studies on Odonata have been carried out in many parts of Nepal, but no specific study has been performed in Tanahun. Hence, a study was conducted to determine the species diversity and abundance of Odonata in the Sishaghat of Tanahun district, Nepal from June to August 2020. A transect survey method was used for data collection. A total of six transects (three in each habitat type: agricultural lands and forest streams), each with a length of 200 m were laid out randomly and each transect was surveyed three times. Data were pooled and analyzed with SPSS. A total of 629 individuals of 26 Odonata species from 20 genera and 7 families were recorded. The overall Shannon-Wiener diversity index was H= 2.25, Shannon Equitability was E= 0.69 and Margalefs’ richness index was R= 3.88. Sub-order Anisoptera was more diverse (H= 1.94) and more abundant (n= 545) than Zygoptera (H= 1.31, n= 84). However, species richness was higher and evenness lower in Zygoptera (R= 2.26, E= 0.55) than Anisoptera (R= 2.22, E= 0.72). Anisoptera comprised 15 species within 10 genera from two families and Zygoptera comprised 11 species within seven genera from five families. The family Libellulidae represented the highest species richness (R= 1.75). Neurothemis fulvia and Orthetrum pruinosum were the most abundant species (RA= 23.21 and 21.78 respectively). Of the recorded Odonata, 25 species are included under the least concern and one under the vulnerable category of the IUCN. A higher number of species was found in agricultural lands (nine species); hence, the water bodies around this habitat should be preserved to conserve the Odonata.
Full-Text [PDF 2323 kb]   (2778 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Species Diversity
Received: 2020/12/27 | Accepted: 2021/05/13 | Published: 2021/09/30

1. Andrew, R. J., Subramaniam, K. A. and Tiple, A. D. (2008). A handbook on common odonates of Central India. South Asian Council of Odonatology, India for 18th International Symposium on Odonatology, Nagpur, India. 54 pp.
2. Asaithambi, M. and Manickavasagam, S. (2002). Odonata of Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamil Nadu, India. Zoos' Print Journal, 17 (2): 704-706. [DOI:10.11609/JoTT.ZPJ.17.2.704-6]
3. Conniff, K. L. (2020). Nepal Odonata. Available at: http://odonatanepal.blogspot.com (Accessed on 27 Oct 2020)
4. Corbet, P. S. (1999). Dragonfly: Behaviour and Ecology of Odonata. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. 829 pp.
5. Corbet, P. S. (2005). Forests as habitats for dragonflies (Odonata), In: Forest and dragonflies, Fourth WDA International Symposium of Odonatology, Pontevedra (Spain). pp. 13-36.
6. Corbet, P. S. and May, M. L. (2008). Fliers and perchers among Odonata: dichotomy or multidimensional continuum? A provisional reappraisal. International Journal of Odonatology, 11 (2): 155-171. [DOI:10.1080/13887890.2008.9748320]
7. Dalzochio, M. S., Urakami, Y. and Machado, I. F. (2011). Mecistogaster amalia (Burmeister) Odonata: Pseudostigmatidae: First Record from Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. EntomoBrasilis, 4 (2): 78-79. [DOI:10.12741/ebrasilis.v4i2.130]
8. Das, S. M. (2016). Diversity of Odonata in and around the Vivekananda Kendra Vidyalaya (NEC), Baragolai, Margherita, Tinsukia district of Assam (India). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 6 (8): 406-410.
9. Dayakrishna, M. K. A. (2015). Study on the abundance and diversity of dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 3 (4): 467-472.
10. Emiliyamma, K. G., Radhakrishnan, C. and Palot, M. J. (2005). Pictorial handbook on common dragonflies and damselflies of Kerala. Zoological Survey of India, New Delhi, India. 67 pp.
11. Ferreira-Peruquetti, P. S. and Fonseca-Gessner, A. A. (2003). Comunidade de Odonata (Insecta) em áreas naturais de Cerrado e monocultura no nordeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil: relação entre o uso do solo e a riqueza faunística. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20 (2): 219-224. [DOI:10.1590/S0101-81752003000200008]
12. Hodgkin, E. P. and Watson, J. A. L. (1958). Breeding of dragonflies in temporary waters. Nature, 181 (4614): 1015-1016. [DOI:10.1038/1811015b0]
13. Hofhansl, F. P. and Schneeweihs, S. (2008). Banderillas: effects of deforestation on dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata) in the Pacific lowland of Costa Rica. Zugleich Kataloge der oberosterreichischen Landesmuseen Neue Serie, 80: 237-247.
14. Jacob, S., Thomas, A. P. and Manju, E. K. (2017). Odonata (Dragonflies and Damselflies) as bio indicators of water quality. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 6 (9): 19464-19474.
15. Kadoya, T., Suda, S. I. and Washitani, I. (2004). Dragonfly species richness on man-made ponds: effects of pond size and pond age on newly established assemblages. Ecological Research, 19 (5): 461-467. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1703.2004.00659.x]
16. Kalkman, V. J., Babu, R., Bedjanič, M., Conniff, K., Gyeltshen, T., Khan, M. K., Subramanian, K. A., Zia, A. and Orr, A. G. (2020). Checklist of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa, 4849 (1): 1-84. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4849.1.1]
17. Kalkman, V. J., Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K. D. B., Orr, A. G., Paulson, D. R. and Van Tol, J. (2008). Global diversity of dragonflies (Odonata) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595: 351-363. [DOI:10.1007/s10750-007-9029-x]
18. Kietzka, G. J., Pryke, J. S. and Samways, M. J. (2018). Comparative effects of urban and agricultural land transformation on Odonata assemblages in a biodiversity hotspot. Basic and Applied Ecology, 33: 89-98. [DOI:10.1016/j.baae.2018.08.008]
19. Lambeck, R. J. (1997). Focal species: A multi-species umbrella for nature conservation: Especies Focales: Una Sombrilla Multiespecífica para Conservar la Naturaleza. Conservation Biology, 11 (4): 849-856. [DOI:10.1046/j.1523-1739.1997.96319.x]
20. Mahato, M. (1986). A note on the altitudinal distribution of Odonata between Dumre and Khansar in central Nepal. Notulae odonatologicae, 2 (8): 121-123.
21. Mitra, A., Choden, K., Dorji, Y., Penjor, T., Dorji, R., Subedi, K. and Dorji, P. (2012). Odonata of Samdrup Choling Dungkhag in Samdrup Jongkhar, Bhutan. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 1 (2): 125-141.
22. Nair, M.V. (2011). Dragonflies and Damselflies of Orissa and Eastern India. Wildlife Organisation, Forest and Environment Department, Government of Orissa, Bhubaneshwar. 254 pp.
23. Noss, R. F. (1990). Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: a hierarchical approach. Conservation Biology, 4 (4): 355-364. [DOI:10.1111/j.1523-1739.1990.tb00309.x]
24. Paulson, D. and Schorr, M. (2020). World Odonata List. Slater Museum of Natural History, University of Puget Sound. Available at: https://www.pugetsound.edu/acad emics/academic-resources/slater-museum/biodiversity-r esources/dragonflies/world-odonata-list2/ (Accessed on 25 Oct 2020)
25. Price, P. W., Denno, R. F., Eubanks, M. D., Finke, D. L. and Kaplan, I. (2011). Insect ecology: behavior, populations and communities. Cambridge University Press, UK. 816 pp. [DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511975387]
26. Seidu, I., Danquah, E., Ayine Nsor, C., Amaning Kwarteng, D., and Lancaster, L. T. (2017). Odonata community structure and patterns of land use in the Atewa Range Forest Reserve, Eastern Region (Ghana). International Journal of Odonatology, 20 (3-4): 173-189. [DOI:10.1080/13887890.2017.1369179]
27. Sajan, K. C. and Gurung, J. B. (2020). Records of dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Dipang Lake, with two new records to Nepal. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 12 (8): 15955-15961. [DOI:10.11609/jott.5236.12.8.15955-15961]
28. Samways, M. J. (1989). Farm dams as nature reserves for dragonflies (Odonata) at various altitudes in the Natal Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 48 (3): 181-187. [DOI:10.1016/0006-3207(89)90117-1]
29. Selys-Longchamps, M. E. and Hagen, H. A. (1854). Monographie des calopterygines. Bruxelles et Leipzig, C. Maquardt. 291 pp. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.60461]
30. Sharma, M., Oli, B. R., Awasthi, S., Subedi, N. and Pokhrel, P. R. (2018). Dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of western Nepal: A checklist. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 5 (6): 140-146.
31. Shelton, M. D. and Edwards, C. R. (1983). Effects of weeds on the diversity and abundance of insects in soybeans. Environmental Entomology, 12 (2): 296-298. [DOI:10.1093/ee/12.2.296]
32. Sutherland, W. J. (1996). Ecological Census Techniques. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 450 pp.
33. Thapa, V. K. (2015). Insect diversity in Nepal. VK Thapa Publication, Kathmandu, Nepal. 1097 pp.
34. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. (2020). Available at: https://www.iucnredlist.org/ [Accessed on 25 Oct 2020]
35. Thomas, C., Tom, J., Zecharia, A. P. and Abraham, N. P. (2018). Dragonfly species diversity along the waterside of Kallar river base of Pathanamthitta district, Kerala. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 5 (4): 901-903.
36. Uniyal, V. P., Mitra, A. and Mathur, P. K. (2000). Dragonfly fauna (Insecta: Odonata) in Great Himalayan National Park, Western Himalaya. Annals of Forestry, 8 (1): 116-119.
37. Vashishth, N., Joshi, P. C. and Singh, A. (2002). Odonata community dynamics in Rajaji National Park, India. Fraseria (NS), 7: 21-25.
38. Vick, G. S. (1989). List of the Dragonflies recorded from Nepal: with a summary of their altitudinal distribution (Odonata). Opuscula Zoologica Fluminensia, 43: 1-21.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  | Journal of Animal Diversity

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb