Volume 4, Issue 3 (9-2022)                   JAD 2022, 4(3): 10-22 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

1- Trashigang Territorial Forest Division, Department of Forest and Park Services, Tashigang 42001, Bhutan , lam.norbu@ymail.com
2- Ecosystem Management, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia
3- Gangkhar Primary School, Trashiyangtse, Ministry of Education, Royal Government of Bhutan
4- Trashigang Territorial Forest Division, Department of Forest and Park Services, Tashigang 42001, Bhutan
Abstract:   (4799 Views)
Hawkmoths are a charismatic, diverse group of moths that are well-studied worldwide. In this study, we explored and presented the first ever comprehensive hawkmoth checklist for Tashigang Forest Division, Bhutan with five new taxa records for the country. We conducted fauna exploration over a period of five years (2017–2021). Data were collected opportunistically from twelve different localities. Online database and the current literature on hawkmoths of Bhutan were referred to for correct species identifications and nomenclature. We recorded a total of 48 species belonging to 23 genera and four subfamilies. Macroglossinae was the most dominant subfamily with 29 species, followed by Smerinthinae with 14 species, Sphinginae with four and Langiinae with one species. Ampelophaga thomasi Kitching and Cadiou, Cechetra subangustata Rothschild, Macroglossum saga Butler, Rhagastis confusa Rothschild and Jordan, and Notonagemia analis R. Felder are here reported as representing five new records to Bhutan. Further investigation in the area and in other parts of Bhutan appear necessary to discover more hawkmoth species and reveal endemism.
Full-Text [PDF 2013 kb]   (2063 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Species Diversity
Received: 2021/11/14 | Accepted: 2022/06/28 | Published: 2022/09/30

1. Arandhara, S. (2016). A Preliminary Checklist on Hawkmoths of Digboi, Assam (Lepidoptera: Bombycoidea: Sphingidae). Global Journal for Research Analysis, 5 (10): 348-349.
2. Athreya, R. (2013). Moths: Sphingidae of Arunachal Pradesh, North East India. Available at: www.iiserpune.ac.in/rathreya/MothSph/MothSphingidae. Html # Inventory (accessed 25 December 2020).
3. Chandra, k. and Sambath, S. (2013). Moth diversity of Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 5 (1): 3565-3570. [DOI:10.11609/JoTT.o2718.966]
4. Chetri, P., Matsui, Y., Naka, H. and Tiwari, A. (2021). Checklist of moths (Heterocera) of Tadong, Sikkim, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13 (12): 19837-19848. [DOI:10.11609/jott.7104.13.12.19837-19848]
5. Dierl, W. (1975). Ergebnisse der Bhutan-Expedition 1972 des Naturhistorischen Museums in Basel, einige familien der "bombycomorphen" Lepidoptera. Entomologica Basiliensia, 1: 119-134. [In German]
6. Dudgeon, G. C. (1898a). A catalogue of the Heterocera of Sikkim and Bhutan, part I. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 11 (1): 239-251.
7. Dudgeon, G. C. (1898b). A catalogue of the Heterocera of Sikkim and Bhutan, part II. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 11 (2): 406-419.
8. Gielis, C. and Wangdi, K. (2017). A field guide to the common moths of Bhutan. National Biodiversity Centre, Thimphu, Bhutan. 100 pp.
9. Irungbam, J. S. and Kitching, I. J. (2014). A first record of Clanis hyperion Cadious and Kitching, 1990 (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) in Bhutan, and a preliminary checklist of the hawkmoths of Mendrelgang, Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 6 (1): 5386-5388. [DOI:10.11609/JoTT.o3399.5386-8]
10. Irungbam, J. S. and Norbu, L. (2019). A new country record of Langia zenzeroides zenzeroides Moore, 1872 (Sphingidae: Smerinthinae) from Bhutan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 116: 22-24. [DOI:10.17087/jbnhs/2019/v116/144281]
11. Irungbum, J, S. and Irungbum, M. S. (2019). Contribution to the knowledge of moths of Bombycoidea Latreille, 1802 (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of Bhutan with new records. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 11 (8): 14022-14050. [DOI:10.11609/jott.4358.11.8.14022-14050]
12. Jamtsho, K. and Irungbam, J. S. (2019). White-streaked Hawkmoth: report on the range extension of Clanidopsis exusta (Butler, 1875) from Bhutan. Zoo's Print Journal, 34 (3): 19-23.
13. Kitching, I. J., Kendrick, R. and Smetacek, P. (2014). A list of hawk moth species (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka, including their common names. Available at: http://flutters.org /home/docs /Hawkmoths _of_ India _et_al.pdf (Accessed 7 September 2020).
14. Kitching, I. J., Rougerie, R., Zwick, A., Hamilton, C., Laurent, R. S. T., Naumann, S., Mejia, L. B. and Kawahara, A. (2018). A global checklist of the Bombycoidea (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Biodiversity Data Journal, 6: e22236. [DOI:10.3897/BDJ.6.e22236] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Koirala, B. K., Jamtsho, K., Wangdi, P., Tshering, D., Wangdi, R., Norbu, L., Phuntsho, S., Lhendup, S. and Nidup, T. (2021). Diversity and distribution of snakes in Trashigang Territorial Forest Division, eastern Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13 (1): 17455-17469. [DOI:10.11609/jott.6835.13.1.17455-17469]
16. Nakao, K. (2020). Digital Moths of Asia. Available at: https://www.Jpmoth.org/dmoth/Digital_Moths _of_Asia/Moths%20of%20Asia%20frame_new.html (Accessed 25 December 2020).
17. Nidup, S. and Irungbam, J. S. (2020). First record of the hawkmoth Theretra lycetus (Cramer, 1775) (Sphingidae: Macroglossinae) from Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 12 (3): 15385-15386. [DOI:10.11609/jott.5578.12.3.15385-15386]
18. Norbu, L., Koirala, B. K., Dechen, U., Dorji, T., Tshering, D., Dorji, P., Dorji, L., Phuntsho, U., Lhendup, U., Tobgay, S. and Sherub, K. (2022). Camera trap evidence of polymorphic Asiatic golden cat (Catopuma temminckii) in Trashigang Forest Division, eastern Bhutan. Bhutan Journal of Natural Resources and Development, 9 (1): 66-73. [DOI:10.17102/cnr.2022.73]
19. Norbu, L., Phurpa, Tshering, P. and Dechen, U. (2020). Southern Spotted Hunter Hawkmoth: Theretra sumantrensis (Joicey and Kaye, 1917): New record of Bhutan. Zoo's Print journal, 35 (3): 10-13.
20. Norbu, L., Thinley, P., Phurpa, Dechen, U. and Tshering, P. (2019). Diversity and seasonal abundance of small mammals in Bumdeling Ramsar Site, Trashiyangtse, Eastern Bhutan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences, 15 (3): 36-45.
21. Norbu, L., Thinley, P., Wangchuck. T., Dechen, U., Dorji, L., Choephel, T. and Dorji, P. (2021). On the high bird diversity in the non-protected regions of Trashiyangtse District in Bhutan. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13 (9): 19274-19292. [DOI:10.11609/jott.6843.13.9.19274-19292]
22. Pittaway, A. R. and Kitching, I. J. (2020). Sphingidae of the Eastern Palaearctic. Available at: http://tpittaway.tripod.com/china/china.html (Accessed 30 April 2020).
23. Primo, L. M., Duarte, J. A. and Machado, I. C. (2013). Hawkmoth fauna (Sphingidae, Lepidoptera) in a semi-deciduous rainforest remnant: composition, temporal fluctuations, and new records for north eastern Brazil. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Science, 85 (3): 1177-1188. [DOI:10.1590/S0001-37652013000300017] [PMID]
24. Sambath, S. (2011). Studies on the Sphingid fauna (lepidoptera: heterocera: sphingidae) of Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary, Jharkhand. Records of the Zoological Survey of India: 111 (Part-l): 25-30. [DOI:10.26515/rzsi/v111/i1/2011/158888]
25. Shah, S. K., Das, A., Dutta, R. and Mitra, B. (2018). Bionotes: A current list of the moths (Lepidoptera) of West Bengal. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkota, 20 (3): 24-90.
26. Smith's, C. (2010). Lepidoptera of Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal: Himalayan Nature. 184 pp.
27. Sonne, M. and Gaikwad, S. (2021). Moths diversity of Ziro in Lower Subansiri district, Arunachal Pradesh India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, 11 (7): 279-288. [DOI:10.29322/IJSRP.11.07.2021.p11535]
28. Thinley, P., Dendup, T., Rajaratnam, R., Vernes, K., Tempa, K., Chophel, T. and Norbu, L. (2020). Tiger reappearance in Bhutan's Bumdeling Wildlife Sanctuary: a case for maintaining effective corridors and metapopulaton. Animal Conservation, 23 (6): 629- 631. [DOI:10.1111/acv.12580]
29. Thinley, P., Rajaratnam, R., Norbu, L., Dorji, L., Tenzin, J., Namgyal, C., Yangzom, C., Wangchuk, T., Wangdi, S., Dendup, T., Tashi, S. and Wangmo, C. (2021). Understanding Human-Canid conflict and coexistence: Socioeconomic correlates underlying local attitude and support towards the endangered Dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Bhutan. Frontiers in Conservation Science, 2: 1-13. [DOI:10.3389/fcosc.2021.691507]
30. Wangdi, S., Wangdi, K., Sherub, Wangdi, R., Drukpa, S., Harada, M., Aoki, T., Yamagchi, S., Saito, M., Igarashi, Y., Watanabe, Y. and Yago, M. (2012). Butterflies of Trashiyangtse Valley, eastern Bhutan (part I). Butterflies (Teinopalpus). The Butterfly Society of Japan (Teinopalpus), 62: 16-28.

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.